Archaeology: Did the Murderer of Christ, High Priest Caiaphas Convert to Christ after the Resurrection?

Abstract: Today is Good Friday, the Commemoration day of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. This incident was the beginning of the bloody and greatest revolution in world history: Until the present day the doctrine of Christ was the norm of the “civilized” world – although, unfortunately, mostly in words, not so much in action. Because Satan´s best tool is lie – and hypocrisy is a variant thereof.

The Daily Mail discusses the uncertainty of scientists about the rather indifferent detail whether Christ was nailed or tied to the cross. That shows how little attention is paid to the  Shroud of Turin  with its supernatural photography of Christ at the moment of the resurrection –  by all sciences declared to be genuine. This photo readily solves the problem: Christ was nailed to the cross.

According to the Washington Post, a journalist has come across 2 crucifixion nails with wood scraps and phosphorus on them (parameter of contact with bone tissue), arousing considerable attention.
The strange thing is that they were found of all places in the tomb  where the ossuary of  High Priest Joseph Caiaphas was found, who condemned Jesus to death – and they could reportedly be traced back to the ossuary .

It was reported 2000 years ago that they were tickets to the afterlife.

The question arises whether these nails were the wrist-nails of Jesus Christ. The Shroud of Turin  namely shows what was unknown for many centuries: the Romans did not drive the nails through the hands – but through the wrist. Otherwise, they would tear through the wound, and the body would come down from the cross.

Whether they are the nails of Christ or not: It is amazing that the Sadducee Caiaphas demanded tickets to afterlife to be put in his ossuary. Because he and the Sadducees denied Resurrection.
We know that Caiaphas persecuted the Christians – has he, nevertheless, finally converted to Christ?


Kurzfassung: Heute ist Karfreitag, der Gedächtnistag an die Kreuzigung Jesu Christi. Diese Begebenheit wurde der Anfang der blutigen und grössten Revolution in der Weltgeschichte: Bis in unsere Zeit war die Lehre Christi massgebend in der “zivilisierten” Welt – obwohl leider meist in Worten, nicht so sehr in Handlung.  Denn Satans bester Werkzeug ist die Lüge – und Heuchelei ist eine Abart davon.

The Daily Mail diskutiert die Unsicherheit der Wissenschaftler über das ziemlich gleichgültige Detail, ob Christus ans Kreuz genagelt oder gebunden wurde. Das zeigt, wie wenig man auf das Turiner Grabtuch mit der übernatürlichen, von allen Wissenschaften echt erklärten Fotografie von Christus in dem Moment der Auferstehung achtet. Dieses Foto löst ohne Weiteres das Problem: Christus wurde ans Kreuz genagelt.

Laut der Washington Post hat ein Journalist die Aufmerksamkeit auf 2 Kreuzigungsnägel mit Holzresten und Phosphor darauf (Parameter der Berührung mit Knochengewebe) hingeleitet.
Das Sonderbare ist, dass sie eben in der Grabhöhle gefunden wurden, in der das Beinhaus vom Hohepriester Joseph Kaifas, der Jesus zum Tode verurteilte, gefunden wurde – und angeblich ins Beinhaus zurückverfolgt werden konnten.

Es verlautete vor 2000 Jahren, dass sie Fahrkarten ins Leben nach dem Tode seien.

Die Frage erhebt sich, ob diese Nägel die Handgelenk-Nägel Jesu Christi waren. Das Turiner Grabtuch zeigt nämlich das, was man seit vielen Jahrhunderten nicht mehr wusste: Die Römer schlugen die Nägel nicht durch die Hand – sondern durch das Handgelenk. Sonst würden sie die Wunde durchreissen, und der Körper würde vom Kreuz herabfallen.

Egal ob es die Nägel Christi oder nicht sind: Es ist verblüffend, dass der Sadduzäer Kaifas Fahrkarten ins Leben nach dem Tode mit in sein Beinhaus verlangte. Denn er und die Sadduzäer leugneten die Auferstehung.
Man weiss, dass Kaifas auch die Christen verfolgte – hat er sich aber zuletzt doch zu Christus bekehrt?


Today is Good Friday, where we Christians commemorate Jesus Christ’s crucifixion on Golgotha.

This incident was the beginning of the a bloody and biggest revolution in human history: Until the present day, the doctrine of Christ was norm in the “civilized” world – though unfortunately mostly in words, not so much in action. For the human weakness called hypocrisy is the weapon of   Satan, Christ´s adversary, the temporary “Prince of the World”, as Christ called him (John 14:30).
Good Friday was the prerequisite for the provable resurrection (see my Easter post) from the dead of the only earthly creature hitherto: Jesus Christ.


crucifixion-yemen-2012However, this barbarism has not yet come to an end: Even today, Christians are being crucified by Christ´s worst enemies, the Muslims,  in Sudan, e.g. Right: The Sudanese victim is tied to the cross

The Daily Mail 8 March 2016: An expert claims there are conflicting reports about the method of the crucifixion of Jesus.
Scholars and artefacts suggest Jesus may have been tied instead of nailed.

None of the Gospels in the New Testament mention whether Jesus was nailed or tied to the cross. However, the Gospel of John (20:25-28) reports wounds in the risen Jesus’s hands .
The Gospel of Peter, a non-canonical gospel from the first or second century CE, specifically describes in verse 21 how after Jesus had died, the nails were removed from his hands.

shroud-armThis ends the discussion: Jesus Christ was nailed to the cross as shown on the Shroud of Turin (right) genuine acc. to all sciences – more in my Easter post.
And it shows what no crucifix I have seen showing:
Jesus was nailed through the wrists – not through his hands
. I.a. this, too, shows the photo is authentic: The Romans knew by innumerable living experiments (Spartacus & his 6.000 slaves along the Via Appia are well-known examples)  that nailing through the hands was unstable: The weight of the crucified man would tear the wounds open up to between the fingers – and the man would fall down from the cross. Only nailing through the wrists would hold.
The photo shows yet another otherwise unknown fact of Roman crucifixion: The thumb is not seen, because its extensor nerve has been cut by the nail. This, detail, too, shows the authenticity of the photo.

danish-viking-crucifixA recently found Danish crucifix from 900-950 AD shows Christ clearly tied to the cross. The first Vikings were baptized in Denmerk in 826 AD. Many Danish Vikings had been pre-blessed in the name of Christ in order to be allowed to bargain on foreign markets. Christianity became official in Denmark about 965 AD when King Harald Bluetooth was forced to take baptism by Frankish German-Roman Emperor Otto I.

I’ve come across a story of 2 nails used to crucify Jesus Christ !
Nonsense!! was my first reaction. There are so many dishonest stories of relics from the cross. My next thought was that the shroud of Christ – the Shroud of Turin – is indeed real and supernatural. So what is it about this nail-story?

caiaphas-ossuaryReclaiming the Mind 14 July 2010: In 1990,
a construction worker in Jerusalem plunged into a deep tomb. It contained 12 ossuaries. One of them had an inscription  in Aramaic:  “Joseph son of Caiaphas“. Another ossuary with the inscription “Caiaphas” was also found in the tomb.

First-century historian Josephus (Flavius) helps piece together the significance of the discovery. He Identifies the high priest at the time of Jesus as not only Caiaphas but “Joseph Caiaphas.” Josephus tells us additionally Caiaphas was the Jewish high priest from 18 to 36 AD (Jewish Antiquities 18:35).

The bones of the 60 year old man found in the ossuary are determined by Greenhut and others to be those of the high priest Involved in the crucifixion of Jesus.

Here comes the point
The Washington Post April 15, 2011:  An Israeli-Canadian journalist thinks he might have unearthed two iron nails used to crucify Jesus on the cross.

When researching a segment for the History Channel series “Secrets of Christianity”  program host and producer Simcha Jacobovici learned  something startling: Israeli archaeologists found two nails produced by the Romans  in the cave with Caiaphas’ ossuary. But they concealed their discovery.

It was believed by some ancient Jews, the nails had healing powers “and were a ticket to the afterlife.” Other products in the grave show that this was a superstitious guy, “Jacobovici said.
Caiaphas may have felt compelled to take these nails with him into his grave.”

Finally, Jacobovici approached Israel Hershkovitz,  a forensic anthropologist at the University of Tel Aviv, the expert on crucifixions.

As the anthropologist showed Jacobovici an ancient heel bone with a nail through it – the only Crucifixion piece that has ever been excavated – “I realized that the Caiaphas nails are similar, though shorter. The tips appeared to be  purposely bent to stop them from  falling out of the wood.”

Jacobovici asked Hershkovitz whether the nails could have been used to attach a person’s hands to a cross? Hershkovitz said yes.

Skyshipsovercashiers  writes: Simcha Jacobovici is a three-time Emmy winner for Outstanding Investigative Journalism. He has directed and/or produced nearly 30 documentary films and co-authored three books – “The Jesus Family Tomb,” “The Jesus Discovery” and “The Lost Gospel.” His latest documentary film, “The Nails of the Cross,” has stirred up international attention. The following information and photos come from multiple sources.

Caiaphas-nailsSimcha Jacobovici TV 17 Dec. 2014 : “Based on the above,” Jacobovici says, “I concluded that the crucifixion nails, which were also in Professor Hershkovitz’s lab, are the missing nails from the Caiaphas tomb, and that they must have been the very nails driven through Jesus’ hands.”

“One of my staunchest critics was Geo-Archaeologist Dr. Aryeh Shimron. He said that the whole theory was farfetched but that, in theory, it could be scientifically tested. I asked him if he would do the science.

“Dr. Shimron discovered that the Caiaphas tomb has a unique chemical signature, derived from flooding, perhaps from a nearby aqueduct. He also found that the nails in Professor Hershkovitz’s lab perfectly match the Caiaphas tomb’s chemical signature. In fact, he was able to trace the nails to the bone box of the High Priest himself.

“But more than this,” Jacobovici continues, “he even found traces of phosphorous on the nails, indicating contact with bones. Most dramatically, while examining the nails under an electron microscope with Dr. Vitaly Gutkin, he found pieces of ironized wood still adhering to the nail!
“Switzerland’s Dr. Werner Schoch, the world’s foremost expert on ancient wood, was able to identify the species of wood as cedar.

“So it’s now a fact – not conjecture – that Caiaphas, the man who is identified with Jesus’ crucifixion, took two crucifixion nails with him to the grave.

Who was Caiaphas
Caiaphas, who’s name means “searcher” was appointed high priest (after Simon ben Camith) by the procurator Valerius Gratus, under Tiberius, 18 A.D. He continued in office till 37 A.D., when proconsul Vitellius deposed him. He was the president of the Jewish council (Sanhedrin) which condemned  Jesus to death, Caiaphas declaring Him guilty of blasphemy.
Caiaphas is no doubt that same “high priest” mentioned in Acts 5:17-21, 27; 7:1; 9:1 as the bitter persecutor of the Christians.
Caiaphas was a Sadducee.

Here is an interesting, entertaining, fictive interview with High Priest Caiaphas  claiming to be God´s representative on Earth and the messiah. Furthermore, he explains why he had to kill Jesus.


Even if the nails were not those used to nail Christ to the cross their presence in Caiaphas ossuary is spectacular: They were seen as “a ticket to afterlife. Somehow, the Sadducee Caiaphas, who stubbornly had claimed that there is no resurrection (Apostles 23:8), seems to have changed his mind.
This can only be due to Christian influence. There were many eye witnesses of Christ´s resurrection. Was Caiaphas one of them?

There is the possibility that Caiaphas was convinced of Jesus´resurrection and divinity – although not immediately. When he was to die he – a Sadducee who had denied resurrection – may have turned to Christ, asking his forgiveness – and was given Christ´s 2 hand nails with him into his grave to help him live on.

If this is so it is a further testimony of the strong impression the reports of Christ´s resurrection made on many Jews.

Caiaphas´role in the crucifixion of Jesus Christ
Matth. 26:57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. 58 But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest’s palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end. 59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; 60 But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses, 61 And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days. 62 And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? 63 But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. 64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 65 Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. 66 What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death. 67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands, 68 Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?

John 18:12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him, 13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year. 14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

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One Response to Archaeology: Did the Murderer of Christ, High Priest Caiaphas Convert to Christ after the Resurrection?

  1. friedrich says:

    Anders, Thank you so much for this article!

    The Three Rusty Nails

    This is a story of long ago of a man who owned a little store.
    As he would tell it, “I was proud to have my name above the door.”
    This took place, oh, about two thousand years ago, as I recall,
    I was located in Jerusalem, just across the street from Pilate’s hall.

    And I had everything anyone would ever need;
    Why, folks would come from miles around, regardless of their creed.
    But there was only one thing I had I thought would never sell,
    So I placed it in a corner on a shelf —-three old rusty spike nails.

    Then one day a Roman soldier came through the door,
    And as he walked up to me, it seemed he shook the floor.
    I said, “Can I help you, Sir?” in a voice I ‘m sure seemed frail.
    He looked at me with a sneering grin and said,
    “I’d like to buy some nails – some big, big nails.”

    “Well, you see, Sir, three’s all I have.”
    “Oh, That’ll do. For the job I have, three’s enough – – -Now how much do I owe you?”
    He placed the money in my hand, and I was glad to make the sale.
    Then I began to wonder, and I asked,
    “Sir, what can you do with just three spike nails?”

    “Did you ever hear of a man called Jesus the Nazarene?”
    “You mean the one they call the Son of God?”
    “Yes, that’s the one. Today I intend to show the world who’s boss,
    For with these three nails I’m going to nail that man Jesus to a cross.”

    You’ll never know how numb I felt – as on my knees I fell.
    “Please sir, don’t do that!” – but he just turned and walked away
    I said, “Please, let me buy them back!”
    But he just looked at me and grinned.

    And in the distance, I could see the howling mob
    Through the tears that filled my eyes.
    “Away with him” “Crucify him!” I could hear their angry cries.
    But over the top of all the noise and groans of agony,
    I can still hear the sound of a hammer as that big Roman soldier—Nailed my Jesus to a tree.”
    With three rusty nails, they nailed Jesus to a tree;
    And His blood washed my sins away.

    Written by Jimmie Davis (from the 1970 album “Songs of Consolation”)

    Jimmie Davis – known as the “Singing Governor”: James Houston “Jimmie” Davis (September 11, 1899 – November 5, 2000) was a singer and songwriter of both sacred and popular songs who served for two nonconsecutive terms from 1944 to 1948 and from 1960 to 1964 as the governor of his native Louisiana.

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