See in addition:
A review of the history of the Shroud of Turin
A report of the faked C-14 analysis on the Shroud through the Vatican in 1988.
Acc. to the Italian Society of Sciences, the Shroud is supernatural.
On The Shroud of Turin Website you can find many more details.
Summary: According to Nature Christ’s crucifixion took place on 3rd April of the year 33 A.D. The historicity of Christ and his crucifixion is confirmed besides by the Gospels also by i.a. Caesar Vespasian´s history writer, Josephus Flavius, and Tacitus. What happened in the first Easter night is not described by the canonical gospels. The non-canonical Gospel of Peter, which was found in Upper Egypt in 1886 has an account of events as seen by the many curious spectators, who had gathered outside the tomb cavity due Christ´s repeated predictions that he would rise from the dead on the 3rd day after its death. A little gnostic spice has been added, as the Jewish Gnostics were strongly represented in Alexandria and Egypt, but the gospel may have been commonplace passion gospel in the early Christian era. Furthermore, there is an uncertain report on what Pilate´s curious secretary and his physician saw. But an interesting question is why the disciple John believed, when he saw the Shroud in the empty tomb. The Shroud of Turin appears with increasing probability to be Christ’s shroud. It is a high quality linen cloth with a 3-dimensional photographic negative image created by chemical dehydration of only the most superficial fibrils of the most superficial fibers from presumably 1800 years before the photo technique was invented. There are a great many details and also many things that suggest the cloth to be associated with 1st century Jerusalem. The photograph shows the front and back sides of a man who was crucified by Roman tradition – with all Christ’s stigmata. Nobody can explain what triggered i the image formation. The Shroud is a political hot potato for the Catholic Church’s efforts through its Interfaith activity to create a global unity religion – a prerequisite for the cohesion of the New World Order world state.
Fake C-14 tests in 1988 were performed on cloth samples not derived from the Shroud of Turin acc. to Europe´s top textile specialists. They ignored all scientific protocols, and the Catholic Church admitted that the tests were fudged. and Pope John Paul even admitted that the Shroud is the Shroud of Jesus Christ. The Italian Academy of Science ENEA has declared the 3–dimensional photo on the Shroud to be supernatural – since the image-giving technique can only be re-made by means of the world´s strongest UV-Laser, which was not available in Antiquity or Middle Ages.
Much more on the Shroud on the Shroud of Turin Website.
A description of the nature of the image is given here.
A review of the history of the Shroud here
The crucifixion of Christ took place on the 3rd of April of the year 33 A.D. according to Nature – or the 8th day before the Kalendae Apriles in the 19. year of the government of Caesar Tiberius, which is the 25th March of the year 33 A.D. (Acta Pilati). Easter is a celebration in memory of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Is this background real?
In this video, Jewish Barry Schwortz, leader of the Shroud of Turin Website, tells about his and the the Shroud of Turin Research Group´s finds at the only allowed examination of the Shroud in 1978 and the minimal weight of the faked 1988 C-14 analysis.
Historicity of Jesus Christ and his crucifixion
Wikipedia:The following passage appears in the Greek version of Joseph Flavius´Antiquities of the Jews 18.63-64: “3.3 Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man; for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews and many of the Gentiles. He was [the] Christ. And when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him; for he appeared to them alive again the third day; as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him.” Considered mostly authentic
Left: Photographically positive frontside (i.e. what is normally the negative!) of the Shroud of Turin. In all reasonable probability it is the “linen clothes” seen by Peter and John in the empty grave of Christ (John 20:6–7). Right above: 3–D-computer presentation – based on linear decrease of image intensity with increasing distance between Shroud and body. Note the broken nose and the swollen left cheek..
The second passage of Flavius to support the historicity of Jesus is also in the Antiquities, in the first paragraph of book 20, chapter 9. “….so Ananias assembled the sanhedrin of judges, and brought before them the brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, whose name was James, and some others; and when he had formed an accusation against them as breakers of the law, he delivered them to be stoned.” Considere authentic. Also i.a. Tacitus mentions in 116 the crucifixion of Christ
But what about the events in the night and morning of his resurrection after he had been crucified?
The first Christians were in no doubt: They had seen their killed master alive and well 2 days and again later after his bestial execution, had even poked their fingers into his wounds. This made such an impression on them that these previous cowards, who ran away, when they were needed, started to openly tell about Christ, his parables, commands and the miracles they had seen – although they knew they risked their lives doing so. But many non-eye-witnesses have, of course, denied the resurrection of Christ as impossible. John 20 describes:
6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, 7 and the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. 8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. Right: For good reasons, the Sudarium of Oviedo, and here, Spain, is considered to be the napkin seen by John – although without image formation. The head behind it was bent 70degrees forwards and 20 degrees to the right – the position to be taken by a man, who died on the cross. This sudarium was normally only used by the Jews to hide the hideously distorted face of the crucified person on his way from cross to tomb – then taken off. It may have been tied vertically around the head to prevent the jaw from sagging. This is indicated by a narrow image-empty brim in front of the ears on the Shroud.
Why did John believe when he saw the linen clothes and the napkin?
Something extraordinary apparently did take place in that first Easter night. Can the non-canonical Gospel of Peter explain what happened? Wikipedia: The Gospel of Peter may have been a prominent passion narrative in the early history of Christianity, but over time it passed out of common usage. Only fragments survive. Let us forget about the moving and speaking cross, which some believe is a “gift” from the Jewish gnostics/Phaisees so strongly represented in Alexandria and Egypt. The first part of the Peter Gospel follows the canonical gospels.
Left: Marks on the Shroud of Turin after whipping with the Roman cat (Flagrum). Right: Distribution of the whiplashes. There are up to 120 of them – much more than usually administered. This man would be dying from blood in the pleural cavity after such a treatment. In fact – the Shroud shows separation of blood corpuscles and serum around the spear stab between the 5. and 6. ribs – a phenomenon known from the medical blood sedimentation test – with dimensions exactly corresponding to the Roman lance -on the right side.
The Gospel of Peter: “VIII. 35 Now in the night whereon the Lord’s day dawned, as the soldiers were keeping guard two by two in every watch, 36 there came a great sound in the heaven, and they saw the heavens opened and two men descend thence, shining with (lit. having) a great light, and drawing near unto the sepulchre. 37 And that stone which had been set on the door rolled away of itself and went back to the side, and the sepulchre was
X. 38 opened and both of the young men entered in. When therefore those soldiers saw that, they waked up the centurion
and the elders (for they also were there keeping 39 watch); and while they were yet telling them the things which they had seen, they saw again three men come out of the sepulchre, and two of them sustaining the other (lit. the 40 one), and a cross following, after them. And of the two they saw that their heads reached unto heaven, but of him that 41 was led by them that it overpassed the heavens. And they 42 heard a voice out of the heavens saying: Hast thou (or Thou hast) preached unto them that sleep? And an answer was heard from the cross, saying: Yea.
XI. 43 Those men therefore took counsel one with another to go and report these things unto Pilate. And while they yet thought thereabout, again the heavens were opened and a 45 man
descended and entered into the tomb.
Right: The Roman cat/flagrum has lead or bone pieces at the ends to tear muscles lumps out of the body – and to crush tissue in depth. Right: Typical 1. century Judean tomb.
This gospel tells that there were many witnesses of the resurrection of Christ. No wonder since he had foretold that he would rise from the dead on the 3. day.
The Acta Nikodemi, Wikipedia . The oldest section—an invented Report of Pilate to the Emperor Claudius, inserted as an appendix—may have been composed in the late 2nd century, but most of the “Acts” were written later. The Acts of Pilate does not purport to have been written by Pilate, but does claim to have been derived from the official acts preserved in the praetorium at Jerusalem.
Left: The seal on the tomb mentioned in the gospels was the SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus, the Roman Senate and People. Behind it was the world´s only superpower. Even today seen everywhere in Rome. Right: Judean first century tomb.
I have read that Pontius Pilate´s secretary, Hormisius, and his life doctor, Euschstschu, would have been among the many witnesses and have described a light cloud and a shining man appearing, the earth roared and on its own accord the stone before the tomb rolled away, the light disappeared and everything was as usual. This is said tho de derived from a Soviet Professor Alexander Belezkij. It is reported on Scribd – but without author or source, so I would not pay too much attention to this description. But clearly something did happen that has truly changed the course of history. And for all uncertainty , in the first ancient Christan era, there does seem to have been a uniform imagination about what happened in that first Easter night in the year 33 A.D.
Is there a more objective witness to the events in that night?
The Shroud of Turin – previously described on this blog – in all reasonable probability the Holy Mandylion delivered to King Abgar V in Edessa by the disciple Thaddeus. The first picture of Christ was painted after the negative photo (left) on the Shroud. All subsequent icons stem from that picture – or rather its source, the Holy Mandylion. Right is the Christus Pantocrator from the 6. century – the oldest surviving painting of Christ, in the St. Catherina Monastery, Sinai..
All branches of science agree that it is not a fake – but a genuine 3–dimensional photograpic negative of the front and backside of a man crucified according to the Roman tradition – brought about inexplicably by some chemical influence on only the most superficial fibres – and with a weaker corresponding image on the outer side (right) of the cloth corresponding to the face – and no image formation between the surfaces. The man is dead according to the forensic pathologist, Bucklin – and corresponding to the shoulder blades there is transverse belt of skin abrasions corresponding to a heavy beam having been carried.
Pollen and flower imprints specific for the Jerusalem area and here. Corresponding to the feet, travertine calciumaragonite from Jerusalem was found. (Golgatha may have been just outside the Damascus gate) – as well as genuine blood. that remains red because during longlasting torture bilirubin enters the blood (see video above). Lepta-coins on eyelids? and here?. The research is widely available on the internet, e.g. here, here, here , here.
Science has learned long forgotten details about cross death by studying this photo which has all the stigmata of Christ – on a high quality linen cloth – woven in 1. century Judean style. A Vatican ordained a faked C-14 analysis in 1988, pushing all scientific plans aside and the Shroud was dated to the about the year 1260 – 1390 A.D. However, an energetic detective work by the atheistic journalists, Holger Kersten and Elmar Gruber (Das Jesus Komplott, Langen Müller Verlag 1992) showed acc. to Europe´s leading textile experts that the cloth examined differed completely from the texture of the Shroud of Turin proper. The Vatican is categorically refusing to have a scientifically controlled C-14 re-analysis – has even withheld fibres removed during a necessary restoration of the shroud – even though Pope John Paul II later admitted that he still thought the Shroud was that of Jesus Christ. Vanillin analysis shows that the shroud proper is much older than the C-14 analyzed tissue.
So this witness tells us that something really extraordinary took place in the first Easter night. The photo-technique was not invented until about 1850. Neither Caesar Tiberius, Charlemagne, Muhammad or any one else has left such a visiting card before mid 1800.
Significance of the Significance of the Shroud of Turin
So this witness tells us that something truly extraordinary did take place in the first Easter night in the year of 33 A.D. Photographic technique was not invented until about 1850. Neither Caesar Tiberius, Charlemagne, Muhammad or anyone else has left such a visiting card before the mid-1800s.It is not new that the Vatican opposes an accurate dating of the age of the Shroud and its ancestry. Already, when it was exhibited for the first time at Lirey in France by the widow of the hero, Oriflamme-bearer for the French king, Geoffroi de Charny, nephew of the last treasurer of the Knights Templar, Geoffroi de Charnay, the church did everything to belittle the Shroud – even had its exhibition forbidden. It has never been recognized as a relic. And yet the Church has taken it from the Italian royal family as a treasure into the Cathedral of Turin. It has survived several fires – especially one in 1532 has left a fire trail.I think the church in 1357 and later on would not recognize the Shroud because it had been in the possession of the gnostic Knights Templar since the looting of Byzantium in 1204 (4. Crusade). The order was banned in 1312 because of gnosticism, ie. mixing of religions, especially with Islam – the Grandmaster and Geoffroi de Charnay being burnt at the stake on this account. Oddly, the Catholic Church is now gnostic by seeking a global unity of religions, making Christ superfluous granting the Muslims salvation through Abraham´s blessing to Ismael (, art. 841) – which was just flatly declined by God on Abraham´s request (Genesis 17:18–21)!
Remi van Haelst, statistician, member of the Shroud of Turin Study Group (Link disappeared. I read it in 2009 – can be read in Stevenson & Habermas´book -below): Radiocarbon-Supervisor, Dr. Tite of the British Museum, on Good Friday 1989 received an amount of 1 million British pounds and a professorship at the University of Oxford from unknown benefactors as thanks for his performance. Turin´s Cardinal, Archbishop Ballestrero, said in even after the C-14-carbon analysis that the Shroud of Turin is Christ’s true shroud.
In May 1989, Prof. Gonella, advisor to the Archbishop of Turin, declared that “the church was blackmailed by a number of persons “who did everything to make the church say no to a radiocarbon analysis. We were to say that we were afraid of the scientific outcome. The laboratories acted very badly – I still protest their absolute lack of scientific professionalism and the way they conducted the experiments. I have told them that in fact they are mafiosi”. None of the parties involved have protested against this.” Nevertheless, the Archbishop and Gonella declined my plea for access to his documents that were marked Top Secret.
Suppose the Church would suddenly stand with the final proof that Christ is the one he declared to be, God´s son: his visiting card. Then the Interfaith Dialogue started by Pope John Paul II back in 1986 would suddenly stop – because there is nothing to deal with to the Muslims, Hindus etc. – to the detriment of the New World Order, which Pope Benedict XVI professes.
Dr. Petrus Soons demonstrated holographically and below on video from the 27:20 min. mark the Hebrew letters ayn – aleph – nun meaning lamb (John 1:29) in Aramaic (Jesus´language) on an oval 3–dimensional plate on the neck. The lamb was the symbol for the first Christians of Christ, They were ashamed of his cross death.
Sources: I.a. Kenneth Stevenson & Gary Habermas , Jesu Ligklæde, Falsk eller Ægte, Borgen 1982.